Страны          Турфирмы          Отели          Билеты         Подобрать тур

 Болгария

 Греция

 Доминиканская Республика

 Египет

 Израиль

 Индия

 Испания

 Италия

 Кипр

 Китай

 ОАЭ

 Россия

 Таиланд

 Турция

 Финляндия

 Франция

 Хорватия

 Черногoрия

 Чехия

 Автобусные туры

Презентация по английскому языку на тему "Достопримечательности Санкт-Петербурга" (5 класс). Достопримечательности санкт петербурга на английском языке презентация


Презентация по английскому языку на тему "Достопримечательности Санкт-Петербурга" (5 класс)

Инфоурок › Иностранные языки › Презентации › Презентация по английскому языку на тему "Достопримечательности Санкт-Петербурга" (5 класс)

Описание презентации по отдельным слайдам:

1 слайд Описание слайда:

Saint Petersburg

2 слайд Описание слайда:

Palace Bridge

3 слайд Описание слайда:

Canal

4 слайд Описание слайда:

The Bronze Horseman A monument to Peter the Great

5 слайд Описание слайда:

Palace Square

6 слайд Описание слайда:

Catherine’s Palace

7 слайд Описание слайда:

St Peter and Paul’s Fortress

8 слайд Описание слайда:

Rostral Column

9 слайд Описание слайда:

Fountains in Petergof

10 слайд Описание слайда: 11 слайд Описание слайда:

St Isaac's Cathedral

12 слайд Описание слайда:

The Church of the Savior on Blood

13 слайд Описание слайда:

The Hermitage

14 слайд Описание слайда:

Would you like to visit St Petersburg? Why?

Найдите материал к любому уроку,указав свой предмет (категорию), класс, учебник и тему:

Выберите категорию: Все категорииАлгебраАнглийский языкАстрономияБиологияВсемирная историяВсеобщая историяГеографияГеометрияДиректору, завучуДоп. образованиеДошкольное образованиеДругоеДругойЕстествознаниеИЗО, МХКИзобразительное искусствоИностранные языкиИнформатикаИскусствоИспанский языкИсторияИстория РоссииИстория Средних вековИтальянский языкКлассному руководителюКультурологияЛитератураЛитературное чтениеЛогопедияМатематикаМировая художественная культураМузыкаМХКНачальные классыНемецкий языкОБЖОбществознаниеОкружающий мирОсновы безопасности жизнедеятельностиПриродоведениеРелигиоведениеРисованиеРусский языкСоциальному педагогуТехнологияУкраинский языкФизикаФизическая культураФилософияФинский языкФранцузский языкХимияЧерчениеЧтениеШкольному психологуЭкология

Выберите класс: Все классыДошкольники1 класс2 класс3 класс4 класс5 класс6 класс7 класс8 класс9 класс10 класс11 класс

Выберите учебник: Все учебники

Выберите тему: Все темы

также Вы можете выбрать тип материала:

Краткое описание документа:

Данная презентация представляет собой материал, с одной стороны, для визуализации таких лексических единиц как мост (bridge), памятник (monument), площадь (square), дворец (palace), фонтан (fountain), церковь (church), музей (museum), с другой - для расширения общего кругозора учащихся 5 класса в области страноведения, в рамках темы "Города России".

Общая информация

Номер материала: ДБ-366329

Похожие материалы

Оставьте свой комментарий

infourok.ru

Презентация - Урок английского языка «Санкт-Петербург

Слайды и текст этой презентации

Слайд 1

Saint Petersburg In brief

Слайд 2

Saint Petersburg was founded in 1703 by Peter the Great. It is one of the most fascinating cities in the world.

Слайд 3

Saint Petersburg is situated in the northern part of Russia. It borders with Finland, Karelia, Vologodskaya, Pscovskaya and Novgorodskaya regions.

Слайд 4

Saint Petersburg is famous for its beautiful bridges. Watching the work of drawbridges at night is one of the main attractions for the tourists and the guests of the city. Bankovsky Bridge is decorated with figures of gryphons. In ancient Greece these mythical creatures were cosidered to be the guardians of gold, the were set up in front of the building of the bank.

Слайд 5

Winter PalaceIt was a residence of the Russian tsars and also has served as a repository of fine art since the time of Catherine II. Today the rooms of Winter Palace house the collections of the State Hermitage.

Слайд 6

The church of the Saviour on the Split BloodThe church was erected in 1882-1907 by A. Parland on the spot where Tsar Alexander II was mortally wounded by the terrorist bomb. The church is famous for its mosaics.

Слайд 7

St. Isaac’s CathedralIt was built in 1818-1858 by A. Montferrand. The Cathedral is decorated with granite one-piece columns, its height is 101.88 m, the building weighs 300,000 tons and it can hold 13,000 people

Слайд 8

The AdmiraltyIt was built in 1806-1823 by A. Zakharov. It functioned originally as a shipyard. A 73 m high spire dominates the structure. The sculptures were designed by S. Pimenov, F. Shchedrin, I. Terebenev.

Слайд 9

Palace SquareIt is the main and the most beautiful square in the city. There is the Triumphal (Alexander) Column (47.5 m high). It was built in 1837 in honour of the victory of Russia in the Patriotic War of 1812. the column stands thanks to the gravity alone and is not attached to the pedestal in any way.

Слайд 10

Other sightseengs:

Слайд 11

Слайд 12

Saint Petersburg is the cultural capital of Russia.

Слайд 13

Ершова Елена Александровна ГОУ СОШ 1360 2010

lusana.ru

презентация "Достопримечательности Санкт-Петербурга" - Английский язык

Просмотр содержимого документа «презентация "Достопримечательности Санкт-Петербурга"»

ST. Petersburg

Petersburg is a relatively young city, by both Russian and European standards, and was only founded in 1703 by Tsar Peter the Great.

St. Petersburg is a beautiful and fascinating holiday destination and one of the most intriguing and historically significant cities in Europe.

The Peter and Paul Fortress

  • When Peter the Great re-claimed the lands along the Neva River in 1703, he decided to build a fort to protect the area from possible attack by the Swedish army and navy. The fortress was founded on a small island in the Neva delta on May 27, 1703 (May 16 according to the old calendar) and that day became the birthday of the city of St Petersburg.

The Cabin of Peter the Great

  • The first residential building to be built in the newly founded city of St. Petersburg was a wooden house or cabin, intended for Tsar Peter himself. The cabin is very small - only 60 sq. meters in area and is a strange combination of a traditional Russian house - izba - and a Dutch home with large and elaborate windows and high roof, covered with wooden tiles.

Peter the Great’s Summer Palace and Gardens

  • Across the river from the Peter and Paul fortress and the wooden Cabin of Peter the Great you can visit the historical Summer Garden. Behind the beautiful wrought iron fence there is an old park that has witnessed some of the most spectacular moments in St. Petersburg's early history.

The Stock Exchange and the Rostral Columns

in the early 19 th century one of the most elegant architectural ensembles of St Petersburg emerged on the eastern edge ( Strelka ) of the island. The imposing white colonnaded building of the Stock Exchange became its focal point, and was flanked by two Rostral Columns.

St. Petersburg State University

St. Petersburg University was founded in 1819, though some local scholars suggest a much earlier date. Today, the university boasts over 20,000 students, 2,000 professors, 210 departments and a library with 4 million volumes. Eight Nobel Prize winners are graduates of St. Petersburg State University (including the biologist Ivan Pavlov, the economist Vasily Leontiev and the poet Joseph Brodsky).

The Menshikov Palace

The palace was the most luxurious house to be built in the city. Between 1732 and 1918 the palace was home to a military school, but in 1967 it was given to the Hermitage. Now, with the early 18 th century interiors restored, it houses a collection of Russian cultural artifacts from the early 18 th century.

The State Hermitage Museum

  • From the 1760s onwards the Winter Palace was the main residence of the Russian Tsars.
  • The Hermitage Museum is the largest art gallery in Russia and is among the largest and most respected art museums in the world.

Alexander Column

From the creator of the marvelous St. Isaac's Cathedral came this monument to the Russian military victory in the war with Napoleon's France. Named after Emperor Alexander I, who ruled Russia between 1801 and 1825 (during the Napoleonic Wars), the column is a terrific piece of architecture and engineering.

The Admiralty

The original Admiralty was one of the first structures to be built in St Petersburg. It was designed to be a dockyard, where some of the first ships of Russia's Baltic fleet were built (some with the participation of Tsar Peter himself who, was an expert in shipbuilding). The Admiralty was also fortified to be an extra defense for the newly acquired territory of the Neva delta.

"The Bronze Horseman"

  • The Bronze Horseman, an impressive monument to the founder of St Petersburg, Peter the Great, stands on Senatskaia Ploschad' (Square), facing the Neva River
  • The monument was built by order of the Empress Catherine the Great an inscription on the monument reads in Latin and Russian: Petro Primo Catarina Secunda - To Peter the First from Catherine the Second.

St Isaac's Cathedral

  • The dome of St. Isaac’s Cathedral dominates the skyline of St. Petersburg and its gilded cupola can be seen glistening from all over the city.
  • the cathedral was under construction for 40 years (1818-1858), and was decorated in the most elaborate way possible.

The Mariinsky Opera and Ballet Theater

  • The building and its marvelous 1,625-seat auditorium were severely damaged during the 900-day Siege of Leningrad, but later restored in 1944. Since then the theater has maintained its excellent reputation, particularly for classical ballet.

Kazan Cathedral

  • constructed between 1801 and 1811 by the architect Andrei Voronikhin, was built to an enormous scale and boasts an impressive stone colonnade, encircling a small garden and central fountain. The cathedral was named after the "miracle-making" icon of Our Lady of Kazan, which the church housed till the early 1930s.

Gostiny Dvor

  • ostiny Dvor is a huge department store, which is being gradually turned into a shopping mall, since a significant part of its 164,690 sq. feet. of trading space is rented out to smaller shops. Constructed between 1757 and 1785, Gostiny Dvor has a reputation for being one of the world's first shopping malls and occupies a whole city block on Nevsky Prospekt.

Nevsky Prospect

  • Nevsky Prospect is St. Petersburg’s main avenue and one of the best-known streets in Russia. Cutting through the historical center of the city, it runs from the Admiralty to the Moscow Railway Station and then, after a slight kink, to the Alexander Nevsky Monastery.

Arts Square

  • Arts Square derives its name from the cluster of museums, theaters and concert halls that surround it. Some of the most notable include:
  • The Russian Museum,
  • The Ethnographic Museum,
  • The Maly Opera and Ballet Theater
  • The Large Concert Hall

The Church of Our Savior on the Spilled Blood

  • This marvelous Russian-style church was built on the spot where Emperor Alexander II was assassinated in March 1881

Smolny Cathedral

  • Smolny Cathedral was originally intended to be the central church of a monastery, built to house the daughter of Peter the Great, Elizabeth, after she was disallowed to take the throne and opted instead to become a nun.

The Cruiser "Aurora"

Peterhof

  • Peterhof is an immensely luxurious and beautifully preserved Imperial estate, founded in 1710 by Peter the Great on the shore of the Gulf of Finland (Baltic Sea). It combines several ornate palaces, a number of beautifully landscaped parks and a dazzling array of magnificent statues and fountains, lending it the epithet "The Russian Versailles".

Pushkin (Tsarskoye Selo) and Pavlovsk

  • he town of Pushkin (formerly Tsarskoye Selo) lies just outside St. Petersburg and has a marvelous ensemble of palaces and parks.

multiurok.ru

Презентация по английскому языку на тему "Достопримечательности Санкт Петербурга""

Описание презентации по отдельным слайдам:

1 слайд Описание слайда:

St Petersburg is the second largest city in Russia.

2 слайд Описание слайда:

It was founded in 1703 by Peter the Great as The “Window to the west”

3 слайд Описание слайда:

Now St. Petersburg is an important industrial, cultural and educational centre. There are many beautiful sights in it.

4 слайд Описание слайда:

Look and try to remember them

5 слайд Описание слайда:

Palace Square It is the central square of St. Petersburg

6 слайд Описание слайда:

The Hermitage It is one of the largest museums in the world

7 слайд Описание слайда:

The Kunstkammer It is one of the oldest museums in Russia

8 слайд Описание слайда:

The Winter Palace

9 слайд Описание слайда:

The Peter and Paul Fortress It is a historical monument of the 18th century.

10 слайд Описание слайда:

Cathedral of St. Peter and St. Paul

11 слайд Описание слайда:

The Mariinsky Theatre

12 слайд Описание слайда:

The Summer Garden

13 слайд Описание слайда:

Peterhof

14 слайд Описание слайда:

So St Petersburg is a wonderful city

15 слайд Описание слайда:

Try to translate Второй по величине город в России Быть основанным Дворец Собор Эрмитаж Зимний дворец The second largest city in Russia To be founded in Palace Cathedral The Hermitages The Winter Palace

16 слайд Описание слайда:

Answer the questions What Kind of city is St Petersburg? When was it founded? What museums and sights do you like most of all?

17 слайд Описание слайда: 18 слайд Описание слайда:

I want to go to…because… It’s a good idea! I agree with you! Let’s… As for me, I want to see… I don’t agree with you. It’s a bad idea. Let’s…

Найдите материал к любому уроку,указав свой предмет (категорию), класс, учебник и тему:

Выберите категорию: Все категорииАлгебраАнглийский языкАстрономияБиологияВсемирная историяВсеобщая историяГеографияГеометрияДиректору, завучуДоп. образованиеДошкольное образованиеДругоеДругойЕстествознаниеИЗО, МХКИзобразительное искусствоИностранные языкиИнформатикаИскусствоИспанский языкИсторияИстория РоссииИстория Средних вековИтальянский языкКлассному руководителюКультурологияЛитератураЛитературное чтениеЛогопедияМатематикаМировая художественная культураМузыкаМХКНачальные классыНемецкий языкОБЖОбществознаниеОкружающий мирОсновы безопасности жизнедеятельностиПриродоведениеРелигиоведениеРисованиеРусский языкСоциальному педагогуТехнологияУкраинский языкФизикаФизическая культураФилософияФинский языкФранцузский языкХимияЧерчениеЧтениеШкольному психологуЭкология

Выберите класс: Все классыДошкольники1 класс2 класс3 класс4 класс5 класс6 класс7 класс8 класс9 класс10 класс11 класс

Выберите учебник: Все учебники

Выберите тему: Все темы

также Вы можете выбрать тип материала:

Общая информация

Номер материала: ДБ-290448

Похожие материалы

Оставьте свой комментарий

infourok.ru

Презентация по английскому языку на тему "Санкт-Петербург"

Описание презентации по отдельным слайдам:

1 слайд Описание слайда:

PROJECT “THE BEST OF ALL POSSIBLE WORLDS. ST.PETERSBURG” Выполнил: Бутурлакина Ж. 10 класс Учитель: Романовская С.И.

2 слайд Описание слайда:

One of the world's most beautiful cities in the world is St. Petersburg

3 слайд Описание слайда:

St. Petersburg has an excellent situation. It is located on the coast of the Gulf of Finland

4 слайд Описание слайда:

To the southwest of the city stands the Izhora Hills. To the north of Primorsky Vuoksinskie Ozerny area. These places are picturesque at any time of the year and attract a lot of tourists.

5 слайд Описание слайда:

St.Petersburg is famous for its white nights.

6 слайд Описание слайда:

Different festivals take place at this time. It has also been a tradition for graduates to celebrate their graduation and make marry in the night city.

7 слайд Описание слайда:

St. Petersburg is a cultural centre. There are over 80 museums, more than 20 theatres, a lot of exhibitions, clubs, universities, colleges, schools and parks..

8 слайд Описание слайда:

The weather is not very good here. It is unpredictable, sometimes windy and rainy.

9 слайд Описание слайда:

St.Petersburg is very famous for its places of interest. The State Hermitage Museum is the largest art museum in the world. There one can see masterpieces of outstanding artists: Leonardo da Vinci, Raphael, Rembrandt, Velazquez and other unique works of art. .

10 слайд Описание слайда:

The first Russian museum is the Peter and Paul Fortress

11 слайд Описание слайда:

Grand Peterhof Palace attracts thousands of tourists from all over the world.

12 слайд Описание слайда:

The Catherine Palace is named after Catherine I, the wife of Peter the Great

13 слайд Описание слайда:

Starting in 1743, the building was reconstructed by four different architects

14 слайд Описание слайда:

Saviour on Spilled Blood

15 слайд Описание слайда:

This marvelous Russian-style church was built on the spot where Emperor Alexander II was assassinated in March 1881.

16 слайд Описание слайда:

Smolny Convent

17 слайд Описание слайда: 18 слайд Описание слайда:

Saint Isaac's Cathedral decorates St. Petersburg.

19 слайд Описание слайда:

The Summer garden is the oldest and the most fascinating park. Rare trees, bushes and flowers grow there. Beautiful marble statues made by Italian sculptors and a famous cast iron grille decorate the Summer Garden. There is a bronze monument to the prominent Russian writer of fables Ivan Krylov (by sculptor Klodt) in the Summer Garden.

20 слайд Описание слайда:

Citizens and tourists enjoy visiting the suburbs of St Petersburg: Petergof, Pushkin, Pavlovsk with their wonderful palaces, parks and fountains.

21 слайд Описание слайда:

It was in Saint Petersburg that the tradition to number streets appeared. One still can find 5th Line or 27th Line on Vasilyevsky Island. Line is one side of the street. Vasilyevsky Island.

22 слайд Описание слайда:

The city is often called the Venice of the North because there are 65 rivers and canals with artistically decorated cast iron bridges.

23 слайд Описание слайда:

Anichkov Bridge is one of the architectural highlights of Nevsky Prospekt,

24 слайд Описание слайда:

People all over the world know that far north in Russia is the city of Saint Petersburg. Many of those who once visited the city liked it and want to be there again because St. Petersburg charms and entices in every season.

Найдите материал к любому уроку,указав свой предмет (категорию), класс, учебник и тему:

Выберите категорию: Все категорииАлгебраАнглийский языкАстрономияБиологияВсемирная историяВсеобщая историяГеографияГеометрияДиректору, завучуДоп. образованиеДошкольное образованиеДругоеДругойЕстествознаниеИЗО, МХКИзобразительное искусствоИностранные языкиИнформатикаИскусствоИспанский языкИсторияИстория РоссииИстория Средних вековИтальянский языкКлассному руководителюКультурологияЛитератураЛитературное чтениеЛогопедияМатематикаМировая художественная культураМузыкаМХКНачальные классыНемецкий языкОБЖОбществознаниеОкружающий мирОсновы безопасности жизнедеятельностиПриродоведениеРелигиоведениеРисованиеРусский языкСоциальному педагогуТехнологияУкраинский языкФизикаФизическая культураФилософияФинский языкФранцузский языкХимияЧерчениеЧтениеШкольному психологуЭкология

Выберите класс: Все классыДошкольники1 класс2 класс3 класс4 класс5 класс6 класс7 класс8 класс9 класс10 класс11 класс

Выберите учебник: Все учебники

Выберите тему: Все темы

также Вы можете выбрать тип материала:

Общая информация

Номер материала: ДВ-462079

Похожие материалы

Оставьте свой комментарий

infourok.ru

Презентация по английскому языку на тему "достопримечательности Санкт-Петербурга"

Инфоурок › Английский язык › Презентации › Презентация по английскому языку на тему "достопримечательности Санкт-Петербурга"

Описание презентации по отдельным слайдам:

1 слайд Описание слайда: 2 слайд Описание слайда:

Who was an architect of The Winter Palace? Rastrelli Mikhail Vrubel  Viktor Vasnetsov Rossi $1,000,000 $500,000 $100,000 $50,000 $10,000 $5000 $1000 $500 $200 $100

3 слайд Описание слайда:

When was established the TROITSKY CATHEDRAL? In 1792 ? In 1995 ? In 1805 ? In 1828? $100 $1,000,000 $500,000 $100,000 $50,000 $10,000 $5000 $1000 $500 $200 $100

4 слайд Описание слайда:

The griffons wings made of… gold silver copper and gilded glass $200 $1,000,000 $500,000 $100,000 $50,000 $10,000 $5000 $1000 $500 $200 $100

5 слайд Описание слайда:

Where can you see griffons? On Anichkov bridge On Bank bridge On Liteyny Bridge On Palace Bridge $500 $1,000,000 $500,000 $100,000 $50,000 $10,000 $5000 $1000 $500 $200 $100

6 слайд Описание слайда:

Where can you see Sphinxes? On Palace Bridge Egyptian Bridge On Anichkov bridge On Bank bridge $1000 $1,000,000 $500,000 $100,000 $50,000 $10,000 $5000 $1000 $500 $200 $100

7 слайд Описание слайда:

How many bridges are in Saint- Petersburg? 285? 300? 90? 342? $5000 $1,000,000 $500,000 $100,000 $50,000 $10,000 $5000 $1000 $500 $200 $100

8 слайд Описание слайда:

Where do you wear jeans? On your legs? On your face? On your feet? On your arms? $10,000 $1,000,000 $500,000 $100,000 $50,000 $10,000 $5000 $1000 $500 $200 $100

9 слайд Описание слайда:

the first museum in Russia is…? the Hermitage? The Kunstkamera? Troitsky Cathedral? The Peter and Paul fortress? $50,000 $1,000,000 $500,000 $100,000 $50,000 $10,000 $5000 $1000 $500 $200 $100

10 слайд Описание слайда:

Where is The Peter and Paul Fortress? On Vasilyevsky Island? On Krestovsky Island? on small Zayachy Island? On Kamenny Island? $100,000 $1,000,000 $500,000 $100,000 $50,000 $10,000 $5000 $1000 $500 $200 $100

11 слайд Описание слайда:

What is the main square in St Petrsburg? Isaac’s square? Rad square? Sennaya square? Palace square ? $50,000 $1,000,000 $500,000 $100,000 $50,000 $10,000 $5000 $1000 $500 $200 $100

12 слайд Описание слайда:

architecture of the church of Our Savior on the Spilled Blood in ? post-modernism? Renaissance? the Baroque and neo-Classical styles? antique style? $1,000,000 $1,000,000 $500,000 $100,000 $50,000 $10,000 $5000 $1000 $500 $200 $100

13 слайд Описание слайда: 14 слайд Описание слайда: 15 слайд Описание слайда:

Найдите материал к любому уроку,указав свой предмет (категорию), класс, учебник и тему:

Выберите категорию: Все категорииАлгебраАнглийский языкАстрономияБиологияВсемирная историяВсеобщая историяГеографияГеометрияДиректору, завучуДоп. образованиеДошкольное образованиеДругоеДругойЕстествознаниеИЗО, МХКИзобразительное искусствоИностранные языкиИнформатикаИскусствоИспанский языкИсторияИстория РоссииИстория Средних вековИтальянский языкКлассному руководителюКультурологияЛитератураЛитературное чтениеЛогопедияМатематикаМировая художественная культураМузыкаМХКНачальные классыНемецкий языкОБЖОбществознаниеОкружающий мирОсновы безопасности жизнедеятельностиПриродоведениеРелигиоведениеРисованиеРусский языкСоциальному педагогуТехнологияУкраинский языкФизикаФизическая культураФилософияФинский языкФранцузский языкХимияЧерчениеЧтениеШкольному психологуЭкология

Выберите класс: Все классыДошкольники1 класс2 класс3 класс4 класс5 класс6 класс7 класс8 класс9 класс10 класс11 класс

Выберите учебник: Все учебники

Выберите тему: Все темы

также Вы можете выбрать тип материала:

Краткое описание документа:

Презентация создана для использования во внеурочной или кружковой деятельности.

повышает мотивацию обучающихся к изучению достопримечательностей Санкт-Петербурга.

Возможно использование данной презентацию как заключительного этапа проектной деятельности по данной теме и закреплению пройденного материала.

Общая информация

Номер материала: ДБ-1145112

Похожие материалы

Оставьте свой комментарий

infourok.ru

Презентация к уроку лингвострановедения по английскому языку "Архитектурные достопримечательности Санкт

St. Petersburg –is a city-warrior, the city museum, one of the leading cultural capitals of the world, the city-millionaire, the most important transportation center of Russia. St. Petersburg – is the second largest of the federal cities of the Russian Federation. It is the administrative center of Leningrad region. St. Petersburg is located on the shores of the Gulf of Finland, at the confluence of the Neva River to the Baltic Sea.

History of St. PetersburgSt. Petersburg was born into a noble family of the world's capitals. He was destined to a bright future. Its birth was triumphant, its father was the great Peter I - Emperor of Russia, turning the story of his country into the mainstream of European flow.

History of St. Petersburg was born at the turn of XYII and XYIII centuries, when reigned at that time in Russia, Peter I decided to build at the mouth of the Neva the new capital of the empire, not only over the open sea winds, but also European sentiment. 1703 became the year of foundation of St. Petersburg. The city's name was given by Peter I in honor of its patron saint St. Peter the Apostle. More than two centuries, from 1712 to 1918, St. Petersburg was the capital of the Russian Empire, and the residence of its emperors. After Russia's entry into the First World War, with the strengthening of anti-German sentiment, German name of the city was replaced by the Russian - Petrograd. In 1924, the city received a new name - Leningrad, in memory of the 1917 Revolution, the leader Vladimir Lenin. The feat of the city and its inhabitants in the years of World War II marked by awarding him the honorary title "Hero City".

The original name - St. Petersburg - was returned to the city after 67 years in 1991. Today, Saint-Petersburg – is the ancient and eternally young, strong and magnificently beautiful, bustling and mysteriously silent - a city of mystery as well as a major economic, scientific, cultural and tourist center of Russia.Monuments, palaces, temples, cathedralsSt. Petersburg is one of the most beautiful cities in the world mainly due to the contribution to the creation of image of the city of the great architects and architects of Russia and the world. The most famous attractions of St. Petersburg were built by such masters of architecture as Rastrelli, Rossi, D. Kvarengi, Korobov, V.Stasov, Zakharov, SA Shustov and others. That architectural monuments, created by talented masters of the past, create a unique stately appearance of the city. Recognizing the special value of many buildings UNESCO St. Petersburg including the historical city center and the palaces and parks of suburbs in the list of UNESCO World Heritage sites.One of the most famous sights of St. Petersburg is the Hermitage, which is an architectural complex consisting of several buildings: the Winter Palace (1754), the Small Hermitage (1764), Old Hermitage (1770), the New Hermitage (1842) and the Hermitage Theatre ( 1783). The majestic buildings that make up this ensemble, constitute a group along the picturesque banks of the Neva in the heart of St. Petersburg.The dominant place in the ensemble of the Winter Palace. It was built in 1754 by order of Empress Catherine II B.F.Rastrelli Italian architect and was originally intended to be used as the winter residence of the Russian emperors.The complex of buildings of the Admiralty was built by Peter I. The building of the Main Admiralty – is one of the best monuments of classicism in architecture and boat figure on the spire of the Admiralty became one of the recognizable symbols of St. Petersburg. The architectural ensemble of Admiralty for two hundred years after the construction of the first buildings decorated and complemented by new items and buildings, and now this monument of architecture pleases tourists and residents with its beautiful harmonious appearance .

Wrap in a single space and gives compositional completeness of the Palace Square, which overlook the Winter Palace and the Admiralty building facade grand arch of the General Staff. The building of the General Staff and members of the complex Triumphal arches were built in 1823 by sculptor VI Demuth-Malinovsky and S. Pimenov. The modern view of the area acquired the installation in its center in 1834 O. Montferrand triumphal column in honor of the victory over Napoleon. Alexander Column is unique too. The column is held only by the accurate calculation and its weight, it is not fastened to the foundation. The height of the column is 47.5 meters. It is the world's tallest triumphal column.Of particular importance is the Peter and Paul Fortress in the history of St. Petersburg. Designed by Peter I in 1703, it was originally a wooden fortress with earthworks. Gradually, over the next hundred years, the fortress acquired, the impregnable majestic views, which can be seen today. Clad in granite, surrounded by ramparts, with towering over all the buildings of the complex, the golden spire of Peter and Paul Cathedral, the castle attracts the attention of tourists. Today the castle is part of the St. Petersburg Museum of History. Peter and Paul cathedral fortress became the burial place of Russian emperors. Daily from the bastion of the fortress in the afternoon a signal cannon shot is made.Kazan Cathedral (Cathedral of the Kazan Mother of God), was designed by the then young architect A.Voronikhin. The construction of the Kazan Cathedral lasted for ten years. In 1811 the church was constructed. This magnificent building is one of the rare heritage of St. Petersburg. North facade of the Kazan Cathedral decorates the grand colonnade of 96 columns. The decoration of the interior space was attended by the most famous artists at the time: VO Kiprensky, AI Ivanov, FP Bryullov, SS Shchukin and others.In St. Petersburg you can also see one of the largest cathedrals in the world - St. Isaac's Cathedral. Construction of the cathedral by the architect Montferrand lasted from 1818 at 1858. St. Isaac's Cathedral is able to accommodate more than 10 thousand people, and its height is 101.5 m.The architectural ensemble of the Spit of Vasilyevsky Island stands out among the city's attractions - Exchange with Rostral columns, Novobirzhevoy courtyard seating and granite embankments. The combination of architectural structures and the water surface of the river creates an impression of harmony and completeness of the image of the St. Petersburg area. The decoration of the University Embankment of Vasilyevsky Island is a palace of Prince Menshikov, one of the first buildings of St. Petersburg, which is now a museum, one of the branches of the State Hermitage.Church of the Resurrection of Christ, better known as the Church of the Savior on the Blood, was built on the donations of the people in 1881, in memory of Tsar Alexander II of, tragically killed by terrorists. Architectural style is unusual monument to St. Petersburg. It was built in pseudo-Russian style and resembles the famous St. Basil's Cathedral, which stands on the Red Square in Moscow. Church of the Resurrection is a museum and a monument of Russian architecture. Summer Garden, founded in 1704 on the personal instructions of Peter I on the left bank of the Neva River - the same age as the city. The famous grille of the Summer Garden, the Palace of Peter the Great, white marble sculpture made by Italian masters of the XVII century. Porphyry vase make garden one of the attractions of St. Petersburg.Monument to the founder of St. Petersburg, and the Bronze Horseman, was installed on the Senate Square (now the Decembrists' Square) August 7, 1782. It runs this famous masterpiece of monumental sculpture by sculptor E. Falcone, who was specially invited to Russia to carry out these works. Pedestal for the sculpture is the "Thunder-stone", which, after a long search, was found in twelve miles from Petersburg. The path to the place of his establishment of the stone mountain has done for two years.

In St. Petersburg, built on a set of islands can be found on the way over 580 bridges, 20 of them are movable, including 7 built across the Neva river. Petersburg bridges – is another attraction of the northern capital. St. Petersburg Bridges give the city a unique romantic touch.Museum of St. PetersburgSt. Petersburg's contribution to the world culture is great. Historical and cultural heritage of St. Petersburg – is the subject of study for scientists from many countries. World museums of St. Petersburg includes a variety of areas and topics, it includes more than 200 museums and their branches. In each of the museums you can find unique items. The collections of the world famous Hermitage museum complex includes more than three million exhibits: sculptures, paintings, objects of culture and life of different peoples. All this splendor is housed in 400 halls. Enjoy special love residents and visitors palaces and museums suburbs of St. Petersburg: Tsarskoye Selo, Peterhof and Pavlovsk.

Tsarskoye Selo – is he museum-reserve, situated 26 km to the south of St. Petersburg, Russia; outstanding palace and park ensemble of the former imperial residence. Landmark is located in the town of Pushkin, and is a major tourist destination. The central building is considered to Tsarskoye Selo The Catherine Palace, located in the same park. The palace was built in a Russian baroque style designed by prominent architects JF Braunstein, M. Zemtsov, Rastrelli. The latter was the author of the external appearance of buildings and its sumptuous decoration. In addition to the Catherine Palace attract the attention of visitors the Admiralty building, Cameron Gallery, Pavilion "Grotto", a two-story Alexander Park Arsenal, Chinese Theatre, Pavilion "Hermitage" and other unique buildings. Taken together, the Catherine and Alexander parks are more than 100 architectural structures, including bridges and marble monuments.Peterhof – is the palace and park ensemble of Peterhof was founded by Peter I in 1705 on the southern shore of the Gulf of Finland. The Grand Palace is the main building of the palace and park ensemble. Construction of the palace began in 1714 and ended in 1755. The author of the project is to Bartolomeo Francesco Rastrelli. The main architectural style of the building – is Elizabethan Baroque. The palace is a three-storey building of almost three hundred meters. Fountains are located in the Lower and Upper Parks palace and park ensemble of Peterhof. Experts say that the scale of the fountains of Peterhof fountains surpass the scale of the French Versailles. Complex Lower Park has more than 150 fountains and 4 stages, and in the Upper Garden are 5 fountains and one cascade. The most famous fountains - is the Grand Cascade and fountain "Samson".Pavlovsk –is the palace and park ensemble in 25 km from St. Petersburg, Russia; the rural residence of Emperor Paul I. Pavlovsk Park is considered one of the largest landscaped parks in Europe. In the creation of the palace and park complex was attended by prominent architects and painters XVIII-XIX centuries. Among them were Carlo Rossi and Giacomo Quarenghi and Pietro Gonzaga. The building of the palace –is the creation of the architect Charles Cameron. Since the second half of the XVIII century, the palace served as a summer residence for the royal family. Furniture, paintings and other home decor items were brought back from Europe. And for the exterior design of the palace he was elected to the Italian style country villa crowned by a dome. In the center of the courtyard stands a monument to Paul I, established in 1872.

Each of these museums is associated with the great names in the history of Russia and is famous for exquisite architectural and landscape ensemble, magnificent sculptures and unique museum displays.

infourok.ru


 © vpoisketurov.ru (СЃ) 2018     Предложения лучших туроператоров